Vibrio cholerae is a gram-negative, comma-shaped bacterium that can cause the disease cholera, along with vomiting and severe diarrhea in humans.
Vibrio cholerae was first isolated as the cause of cholera by the Spanish pharmacist Catalan Joaquim Balcells I Pascual and the Italian anatomist Filippo Pacini in 1854.
However, their discovery was not widely known until 30 years later when Robert Koch, who was working independently, publicized the knowledge and the means of fighting the disease.
Later on in the 19th century, there was extensive research on vibrio cholerae thanks to which we found out that the bacterium has flagellum at one cell pole as well as pili.
The same research also concluded that the vibrios are sensitive to acid, but they can tolerate alkaline media that kills most intestinal commensals.
Furthermore, it was also proven that vibrio cholerae is a facultative anaerobe which can undergo respiratory and fermentative metabolism with ease.
Since the late 19th century, there have been dozens of vibrio cholerae endemic and epidemic occurrences. Vibrio epidemics typically last for several days, but can sometimes span over years.
The longest vibrio epidemic recorded was in Yemen, from April 2017 to early 2019. In 2 years, the epidemic took over 2,500 lives and impacted over 1 million people.
Furthermore, several outbreaks have occurred in Africa, Haiti, and the Americas in the last century.
Vibrio can lead to cholera, which has the following symptoms:
- Muscle cramps
- Rapid heart rate
- Low blood pressure
- Dry mucous membranes, including the inside of the mouth, nose, and throat
- Loss of skin elasticity — the ability to return to original position quickly if pinched
Although none of those symptoms are serious, health experts say cholera can cause dehydration and diarrhea so severe that if it’s not treated within hours, it can be fatal to even previously healthy people.
Generally, cholera is treated by rehydration, to replace the fluids that have been lost.
People with mild dehydration only need an oral rehydration solution known as ORS. In more severe cases, when the patient is unable to take in the proper amount of ORS, IV fluid treatment is typically pursued.
In some rare cases, doctors prescribe antibiotics like fluoroquinolones or tetracyclines.
All that being said, unless you’re already suffering from a disease caused by vibrio cholerae, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment.
You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.
Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so you won’t have to face the risk of catching a disease caused by vibrio?
If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill vibrio cholerae is all you need to do.
Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.
Our Path-Guard® system can kill vibrio cholerae in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.
For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.