What Is Streptococcus Agalactiae?

Streptococcus agalactiae is a gram-positive coccus (round bacterium with a tendency to form chains), and a beta-hemolytic, catalase-negative, and facultative anaerobe.

History of Streptococcus Agalactiae

Although we don’t know the exact year when streptococcus agalactiae was discovered, what we do know is that the bacterium was first isolated by Rebecca Lancefield in the 1930s.

A few decades later, multiple scientific studies were conducted on streptococcus agalactiae worldwide.

Those studies revealed streptococcus agalactiae is a harmless commensal bacterium that is actually a part of the human microbiota colonizing the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract.

According to recent studies, it’s actually found in up to 30% of healthy human adults.

With that being said, streptococcus agalactiae can cause severe invasive infections, especially in newborns, the elderly, and individuals with compromised immune systems.

Furthermore, although streptococcus agalactiae does not cause problems in healthy women, it can sometimes cause serious illness for pregnant women and their newborns.

In fact, the bacterium is the leading cause of bacterial neonatal infection in the baby during gestation and after delivery with significant mortality rates in premature infants.

Lastly, streptococcus agalactiae is also a common veterinary pathogen because it can cause bovine mastitis (inflammation of the udder) in dairy cows.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Streptococcus Agalactiae

Although streptococcus agalactiae can cause multiple diseases like SSTI, UTI, and toxic shock syndrome, in the vast majority of cases, it leads to bacteremia.

People who catch bacteremia typically suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Fast heart rate
  • Fever and chills
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Skin rashes or blotches
  • Feeling lightheaded or faint

Although none of those symptoms are serious, health experts say that bacteremia can lead to more serious conditions if it’s not treated right away.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Streptococcus Agalactiae

Since streptococcus agalactiae is developing resistance to antibiotics, there’s no knowing whether the medicine that can treat it today will work tomorrow.

Currently, doctors typically prescribe a course of penicillin G for ten days to treat an infection caused by streptococcus agalactiae, like bacteremia, pneumonia, or pyelonephritis.

All that being said, unless you’re already suffering from a disease caused by streptococcus agalactiae, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment.

You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so you won’t have to face the risk of facing a problem caused by streptococcus agalactiae?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill streptococcus agalactiae is all you need to do.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® System can kill streptococcus agalactiae in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.