Shigella flexneri

What Is Shigella Flexneri?

Shigella flexneri is a species of gram-negative bacteria belonging to the group B of the genus Shigella. These bacteria can cause diarrhea in humans.

History of Shigella Flexneri

The species, flexneri, is named after the American physician Simon Flexner, and the genus Shigella is named after Japanese physician Kiyoshi Shiga, who researched the cause of dysentery.

In 1892, Kiyoshi joined the Tokyo Imperial University School of Medicine to attend lectures by Dr. Shibasaburo Kitasato.

He was so impressed with Dr. Kitasato’s intellect and confidence that after graduating; he applied to be a research assistant for him at the Institute for Infectious Diseases.

In 1897, Kiyoshi started studying dysentery outbreaks, which were detrimental to the Japanese people and occurred often in the late 19th century.

The epidemic of 1897 in Japan affected more than 91,000 people with a mortality rate of over 20%.

Kiyoshi studied 32 dysentery patients and used Koch’s Postulates to successfully identify the bacterium causing the disease. He continued to study the bacterium and worked tirelessly to find a vaccine.

So it was thanks to his work that Flexner was later (in 1899) able to isolate a common strain of shigella that is now known as shigella flexneri.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Shigella Flexneri

Just like almost every other strain of shigella, flexneri also causes diarrhea, which has the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Bleeding
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Frequent loose, watery stools
  • Dizziness or light headedness from dehydration

Although none of those symptoms are serious, health experts recommend seeing your doctor as soon as possible because diarrhea caused by flexneri can lead to Shigellosis.

How You Can Treat Shigella Flexneri

Since shigella flexneri is developing resistance to antibiotics, there’s no knowing whether the medicines that can treat it today will work tomorrow.

However, currently, doctors have no option but to prescribe antibiotics for people who have severe cases of shigellosis.

Azithromycin (common treatment for children) and ciprofloxacin (common treatment for adults) are most commonly prescribed because they work faster than the rest.

Since some antibiotics are not effective against certain types of shigella, your doctor should order laboratory tests to determine which antibiotics are likely to work for you.

All that being said, unless you’re already suffering from a disease caused by shigella flexneri, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment.

You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so you won’t have to face the risk of catching a disease caused by flexneri?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill shigella flexneri is all you need to do.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® system can kill shigella flexneri in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.