What Is Retroviridae?

Retroviridae is a large family of viruses that predominantly infect both human and animal vertebrates, causing a wide spectrum of diseases ranging from malignancies to neurologic disorders.

History of Retroviridae

In 1980, the first human retroviruses (HTLV-I) was reported by Robert C. Gallo and coworkers, and reconfirmed by Yorio Hinuma and coworkers in 1981.

Both of those discoveries depended on the previous discovery by Gallo and coworkers in 1976 of interleukin 2 or T-cell growth factor (the former name of HTLV-I).

Since then, we have found out a lot more about the Retroviridae family. Recent research has proved that retroviruses have a marine origin, which is 460 to 550 million years old.

Furthermore, the latest studies proved that the endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) comprise significant portions of the entire vertebrate genome.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Retroviridae

Since different species of the Retroviridae family cause different diseases, the symptoms vary completely depending on the condition we’re talking about.

For instance, some of its species cause malignancies (a cancerous growth), whereas others can lead to immune deficiencies — both of which have completely different symptoms.

People who develop cancer typically experience one or more of the following symptoms early on:

  • Fatigue
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Trouble breathing or persistent cough
  • Weight changes, including unintended loss or gain
  • Lump or area of thickening that can be felt under the skin.
  • Skin changes, such as yellowing, darkening or redness of the skin, resulting in sores that won’t heal

In comparison, immune deficiencies have completely different symptoms, like:

  • Delayed growth and development
  • Inflammation and infection of internal organs.
  • Blood disorders, such as low platelet counts or anemia.
  • Digestive problems, such as cramping, loss of appetite, nausea and diarrhea.
  • Frequent and recurrent pneumonia, bronchitis, sinus infections, ear infections, meningitis or skin infections.

As you can see, diseases caused by retroviruses are serious in nature. That’s why health experts recommend visiting a doctor right away if you have even the tiniest notion that you have caught a retrovirus.

How You Can Treat Retroviridae

Since most species of the Retroviridae family are developing resistance to antiretroviral drugs, there’s no knowing whether the medicine that can treat them today will work tomorrow.

Currently, doctors typically prescribe a course of antiretroviral drugs like atazanavir, darunavir, and fosamprenavir to treat a disease caused by a retrovirus.

All that being said, unless you’re already suffering from a disease caused by any species of the Retroviridae family, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment.

You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so you won’t have to face the risk of catching a disease caused by Retroviridae?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill Retroviridae is all you need to do.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® System can kill Retroviridae in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.