Pseudomonas cepacia, more commonly known as burkholderia cepacia complex, is a group of catalase-producing, gram-negative bacteria composed of 20 different species.
Pseudomonas cepacia was discovered by Walter Burkholder when he was studying the cause of onion skin rot in 1949. Later on, it was described as a human pathogen in the 1950s.
By 1977, it used to be isolated in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Then later on in the 1980s, outbreaks of cepacia in individuals with CF were associated with a 35% death rate.
So it has been a cause of concern for the last century. Now that you know about the origin of pseudomonas cepacia, let’s talk about where it is typically found and how it is treated.
It is typically found in water and soil, as it can survive for long periods in moist environments.
By the 1970s, it was known that pseudomonas cepacia can spread from person-to-person, which as a result led to clinics, camps, and hospitals to enact strict isolation precautions for those infected with it.
Today, infected individuals are always treated in a separate room from uninfected patients to limit spread.
One more thing you should know about pseudomonas cepacia is that it’s an opportunistic human pathogen that most often causes pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals.
Here are the symptoms of pneumonia:
Loss of appetite
Sweating and shivering
Chest pain — which gets worse when breathing or coughing
A cough — which may be dry and produce thick brown, green, or yellow blood-stained mucus.
Difficulty breathing — your breathing may be rapid and shallow, and you may feel breathless even when resting
According to health experts, pneumonia can kill you within 1 week if you don’t get treatment. Sounds terrible, right? It is, and your chances of catching it are quite high.
Once you’ve been diagnosed with pneumonia, your doctor will prescribe you either ceftazidime, chloramphenicol, doxycycline, piperacillin, meropenem, and trimethoprim.
Another method to treat pneumonia involves killing pseudomonas cepacia by causing a disruption in the biosynthesis of an essential cell membrane sugar.
All that being said, unless you’re already suffering from pneumonia, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment. You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.
Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so that you won’t have to face the risk of catching pneumonia?
If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill pseudomonas cepacia is all you need to do.
Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.
Our Path-Guard® can kill pseudomonas cepacia in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.
For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.