What Is Phoma SP?

Phoma sp. is a species of fungus usually found in soil, on organic matter and plants, and in aquatic environments. It is a pathogen that can contaminate foods, especially corn and potatoes. Additionally, it can be pathogenic to humans and animals.

History of Phoma SP

There are approximately 140 species in the Phoma family. It was first discovered in the early part of the 19th century, becoming officially named as such in 1880 by Pier Andrea Saccardo.

It was found to exist on walls, ceiling tiles, paint, cement, wood, wool, foods like rice and butter, and on the underside of linoleum.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Phoma SP

Phoma sp. is one of many species of Phoma fungus, which may include the following symptoms if exposed to:

  • Cough
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Wheezing
  • Headache
  • Runny nose
  • Nausea
  • Respiratory difficulties
  • Hypersensitivity pneumonia
  • Skin infection (highly rare)

Human infections are uncommon. While none of these symptoms are necessarily dangerous on their own, if they linger, then there may be long-term consequences, particularly for the respiratory system. Also, those with weaker immune systems are more susceptible to these symptoms.

How You Can Treat Phoma SP

To get proper treatment for Phoma sp., you can follow the similar guidelines for treating other types of inhaled fungal spores. This includes:

  • Avoiding this fungus whenever you can
  • Conduct a nasal rinse to remove the fungal spores out of your nose
  • Take antihistamines to stop a runny nose and sneezing
  • Take a decongestant nasal spray, or an oral decongestant, to reduce congestion
  • Take nasal corticosteroids to lower inflammation in the body

If you need more long-term treatment, immunotherapy is one option you can talk to your doctor about. This will involve receiving multiple allergy shots over a few years. It is a very effective method that is helpful for some mold allergies.


Preventing a Phoma sp. fungal infection in the first place requires you to avoid indoor spaces that are perpetually damp and humid. If you cannot do so, due to the space being your home or office, you should check the humidity levels of the space and make sure it is no higher than 50% at any point in the day.

If the humidity levels go too high, place a dehumidifier in the rooms affected by high humidity. Additionally, you can take the following steps:

  • Look for signs of water damage and mold.
  • Get rid of mold and mildew as soon as it is visible.
  • Utilize exhaust fans in places like the bathroom and kitchen or open windows for ventilation.
  • Install a HEPA air purifier that removes fungal spores from the air.
  • Apply mold inhibitors to walls and ceilings.
  • Avoid the use of carpets in areas like kitchens, bathrooms, and basements.
  • Get rid of old books and newspapers or place them in a low-humidity environment.
  • Get rid of flood-damaged carpets.
  • Close windows at night to prevent airborne spores from entering during the more damp evening.
  • Wear a dust mask when gardening.
  • Avoid going outdoors right after a rainstorm or damp weather due to high mold counts.


Since fungal infections can spread throughout the body and compromise the immune system, a cure may involve taking antifungal drugs to ensure breathing and circulation are improved. Treating the underlying symptoms helps effectively curing yourself of a fungal infection brought on by Phoma sp.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

You will want to ensure that you are not placing yourself at risk of succumbing to this fungal infection. It is important to be aware of all potential ways Phoma sp. can spread in your home or office.

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly. Our Path-Guard® system and Path-Away Anti-Pathogenic Aerosol Solution® can kill Phoma sp, as well as other bacteria and viruses, in under five minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your place is a healthier space. Contact us to learn more about how we can help.