What Is Penicillium SP?

Penicillium is a genus of ascomycetous fungi that is of major importance in food spoilage, in the natural environment, and in drug production.

History of Penicillium SP

In 1809, a German naturalist and botanist named Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link identified the genus penicillium with only a few known species.

Since then, we have discovered hundreds of new species. Today, we know of over 300 species of penicillium, most of which are common causes of fruit and vegetable spoilage.

Although most species of penicillium are pathogens of plants, animals, and humans, there are some species that are welcomed and even desirable.

For instance, cheesemakers love P. roqueforti for its unique flavor. Another desirable species is P. chrysogenum because it produces penicillin.

If you didn’t already know what penicillin is, it’s a drug that inhibits the growth of gram-positive bacteria, which means that it’s a strong antibiotic.

Although penicillin was accidentally discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1929, Howard Florey and Ernst Chain realized its potential as an antibiotic in the late 1930s — just in time to save thousands of lives during World War II.

Furthermore, P. pinophilum, P. canescens, and P. glabrummore can produce compounds capable of inhibiting the growth of tumor cells in vitro.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Penicillium SP

Since species of the penicillium genus can cause several health issues, the symptoms vary completely depending on the condition we are talking about.

However, in the vast majority of cases, penicillium sp leads to talaromycosis (formerly known as penicilliosis) — which is a fungal infection with the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Swelling of the liver and spleen

Although none of those symptoms are serious, health experts say that talaromycosis can lead to more serious issues if it’s not treated right away.

How You Can Treat Penicillium SP

Since penicillium sp is developing resistance to antibiotics, there’s no knowing whether the medicine that can treat it today will work tomorrow.

Currently, doctors typically prescribe a course of two weeks of 0.6 mg/kg/day of amphotericin B followed by ten weeks of 400 mg/day of itraconazole to treat talaromycosis.

All that being said, unless you’re already suffering from a disease caused by penicillium sp, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment.

You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so you won’t have to face the risk of facing a problem caused by penicillium sp?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill penicillium sp is all you need to do.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® can kill penicillium sp in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.