Pasteurella septicia is a gram-negative, nonmotile, penicillin-sensitive coccobacillus of the family Pasteurellaceae. Its species are currently classified into five serogroups.
Although pasteurella septicia was first found in 1878 in cholera-infected birds, it was not isolated until 1880 by Louis Pasteur — in whose honor pasteurella is named.
Since 1880, numerous studies have been conducted on the bacterium, in which it has been associated with various diseases, including pneumonia, avian, and fowl cholera disease.
So it causes a range of diseases in both humans and animals. It is typically found in birds, cats, dogs, rabbits, cattle, pigs, and domestic poultry flocks worldwide.
Furthermore, studies conducted in the 1980s found out that the bacterium also causes atrophic rhinitis in pigs, bovine respiratory disease in cattle, and mass mortality in saiga antelopes.
Sounds like it can do a lot of harm, right? It can, and we’ve only discussed its effects on animals. So now, let’s talk about how it can harm us.
In humans, it is the most common cause of wound infections after dog or cat bites.
According to recent studies, if an infection caused by pasteurella septicia remains untreated for 24 hours, it can lead to more serious conditions like meningitis, endocarditis, or osteomyelitis.
As we mentioned earlier, pasteurella septicia most commonly leads to wound infections and pneumonia. So let’s talk about the symptoms of both.
Here are the symptoms of pneumonia:
Loss of appetite
Sweating and shivering
Chest pain — which gets worse when breathing or coughing
A cough — which may be dry and produce thick brown, green, or yellow blood-stained mucus.
Difficulty breathing — your breathing may be rapid and shallow, and you may feel breathless even when resting
Here are the symptoms of wound infections:
Change in color or size of the wound
Pain, swelling, or redness in or near a wound
Yellow, yellow-green, or foul-smelling drainage from a wound
According to health experts, both pneumonia and wound infections can lead to more serious conditions, if they’re not treated by a doctor right away.
No matter which disease you have due to pasteurella septicia, the bacterium is treated with either β-lactam antibiotics, or tetracyclines, or fluoroquinolones.
However, unless you’re already suffering from a disease caused by septicia, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment. You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.
Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so that you won’t have to face the risk of catching a disease caused by septicia?
If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill pasteurella septicia is all you need to do.
Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.
Our Path-Guard® can kill pasteurella septicia in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.
For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.