What Is Newcastle Disease Virus?

Newcastle disease virus is the agent responsible for the Virulent Newcastle disease (VND), which is a contagious viral avian disease affecting several domestic and wild bird species.

History of Newcastle Disease Virus

In 1926, the first case of Newcastle disease took place in Java, Indonesia. One year later in 1927, another case was observed in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.

Although the first cases of the Newcastle disease took place in the 20th century, it may have been prevalent as early as 1898, when a disease wiped out all the domestic fowl in northwest Scotland.

Recently in May 2018, the California Department of Food and Agriculture staff and the United States Department of Agriculture started working on eliminating NDV in South California.

All that being said, the Newcastle disease virus is desirable for some purposes. For instance, scientists have discovered that the virus may be a viable anticancer agent because it has the ability to selectively kill human tumour cells with limited toxicity to normal cells.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Newcastle Disease Virus

Although it primarily affects birds, the Newcastle disease virus is transmissible to humans. However, the good news is that most cases of human infections are non-symptomatic.

Even the rare cases in which humans experience the effects of the Newcastle disease virus, there are only one or two symptoms, including a mild fever or conjunctivitis.

In birds, however, the virus is much more serious. Most birds who catch this virus typically suffer from a wide range of symptoms, including but not limited to:

  • Depression
  • Lack of appetite
  • Tremors and paralysis and twisting of the neck
  • Unusually watery faeces (diarrhoea) that are yellowish-green
  • Respiratory distress, including gaping beak, coughing, sneezing, gurgling, and rattling

Although none of those symptoms sounds serious, health experts say that the Newcastle disease can lead to more serious issues if it’s not treated right away.

How You Can Treat Newcastle Disease Virus

Unfortunately, there is no treatment for Newcastle Disease virus. Although doctors prescribe antibiotics, they can only control secondary infections.

The virus can remain alive in manure for up to 2 months and in dead carcasses for up to 12 months, however it is easily killed by disinfectants, fumigants and direct sunlight.

So unless you or your birds are already suffering from the Newcastle disease, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment. You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so you and your birds won’t have to face the risk of catching the Newcastle disease?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill Newcastle disease virus is all you need to do.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® System can kill Newcastle disease virus in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.