Neisseria Catarrhalis

What Is Neisseria Catarrhalis?

Neisseria catarrhalis, more commonly known as moraxella catarrhalis, is an aerobic, gram-negative, oxidase-positive diplococcus that can cause infections of the eye, middle ear, and respiratory system.

History of Neisseria Catarrhalis

A few years ago, neisseria catarrhalis was placed in a separate genus named Branhamella because it is not rod-shaped like every other species in the genus Moraxella.

Although that’s true, recent results from DNA hybridization studies and 16D rRNA sequence comparisons show that catarrhalis is in fact in the genus Moraxella.

Now that’s cleared up, let’s talk about the history of neisseria catarrhalis.

It was first discovered in 1896. Since then, it has emerged as a genuine pathogen and is now considered a common cause of upper respiratory tract infections in otherwise healthy children and elderly people.

Plus, it is nowadays also a common cause of lower respiratory tract infections, particularly in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Furthermore, it can also cause a variety of severe infections in immunocompromised hosts, including pneumonia, endocarditis, septicemia, and meningitis.

According to a recent report, 1 to 5% of healthy adults have upper respiratory tract colonization and a majority of those cases are caused by catarrhalis.

So summing up our point, over 1% of the entire world’s population is at risk of suffering from various respiratory tract infections due to neisseria catarrhalis.

Symptoms of Respiratory Tract Infection

Although catarrhalis can lead to severe infection of the eye, sinus, and middle ear, in the vast majority of cases, it causes an infection of the respiratory system.

Here are the symptoms of a respiratory tract infection:

Runny nose
Nasal breathing
Nasal discharge
Frequent sneezing
Sore or scratchy throat
Odynophagia (painful swallowing)

Sounds terrible, right? It is, and your chances of catching it are quite high.

How You Can Treat Respiratory Tract Infection

Treatment of respiratory tract infections is usually continued until the infection has resolved. You will be most likely prescribed one of the following medicines:

Acetaminophen (tylenol) is used to reduce fever and body aches.
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs like ibuprofen are used for fever and body aches.
Antihistamines like diphenhydramine (benadryl) are used to decrease nasal congestions and secretions.

Although there are a lot more medicines for treating respiratory tract infections, the three we just mentioned are the most common ones worldwide.

All that being said, unless you already have a disease caused by catarrhalis, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment. You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so that you won’t have to face the risk of catching a disease caused by catarrhalis?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill neisseria catarrhalis is all you need to do.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® can kill neisseria catarrhalis in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.