What Is Mycobacterium Tuberculosis?

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a pathogenic bacteria that causes tuberculosis in humans. It usually attacks the lungs, although it has been found to attack every area of the body, including the kidneys, spine, and brain. If left untreated, it can lead to death. In fact, tuberculosis was once the leading cause of death in the United States.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis infects humans by being airborne. If someone has tuberculosis is sneezing, coughing, speaking, or singing, they may release the bacteria into the air. This air containing the bacteria may then be breathed in by someone else who becomes infected.

Not everyone who gets mycobacterium tuberculosis will get sick. Latent TB infections will not lead to adverse symptoms and also cannot spread the bacteria to others. However, some people who have latent TB will get tuberculosis.

History of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

This bacteria is likely to have been infecting humans for at least the past 9,000 years. It is believed to have spread along trade routes in Africa. Animals like goats and cows are also documented as being infected with it. It was brought from Africa to South America, from which it continued its way up north to the United States. It is now found all over the world.

Tuberculosis would go on to kill one out of every seventh person in the US and Europe in the early 1900s. Since the 1940s, certain medicines have been discovered that can successfully treat this bacterial infection.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

People who have a latent infection will not show any symptoms. However, a skin or blood test could identify whether someone has the bacteria within their bodies. Those who have an active case of infection will experience the following symptoms:

  • Persistent cough for at least three weeks
  • Chest pain
  • Coughing up blood
  • Physical weakness and fatigue
  • Night sweats
  • Fevers
  • Chills
  • Appetite loss
  • Unhealthy weight loss

How You Can Treat Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

Today, medications exist for treating this bacterial infection. However, treating this one will take much longer than most other bacterial infections. Antibiotics have to be taken for between 6-9 months. Depending on your age, overall health, and potential drug resistance, different medications may be used.


To prevent getting infected by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, cover your mouth when laughing, sneezing, or coughing. Also, you may need to wear a surgical mask when in the presence of others while undergoing the first few weeks of treatment. Finally, avoid crowded spaces where there are sick people if you are in a location that is known to have a high incidence of tuberculosis.


The cure for Mycobacterium tuberculosis involves taking antibiotics to stamp out its presence within the body. The use of antibiotics can help very effectively. Multiple medications will likely be necessary for most patients who are infected with the bacteria.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is not as widespread as it used to be. However, developing countries are still are higher levels of risk of becoming infected with these bacteria.

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly. Our Path-Guard® system and Path-Away Anti-Pathogenic Aerosol Solution® can kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis, as well as other bacteria and viruses, in under five minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your place is a healthier space. Contact us to learn more about how we can help.