Moraxella Duplex

What Is Moraxella Duplex?

Moraxella duplex is a gram-negative, short rod, coccobacilli bacteria belonging in the family, Moraxellaceae, with asaccharolytic, oxidase-positive, and catalase-positive properties.

History of Moraxella Duplex

Moraxella duplex first emerged in 1915 in Bengal, India when some scientists associated it with infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK) — a highly contagious disease.

IBK, more commonly known as new forest eye, is similar to human pink eye as it causes severe infection of the edema, conjunctiva, and corneal opacity in cows.

It is seen commonly during the summer months because of dust, ultraviolet light, face fly population, concurrent pathogens, and pasture conditions, all of which act as predisposing factors.

So cattle in hot countries face the highest risk of suffering from IBK. However that doesn’t mean cold countries like Russia are not at risk, as moraxella duplex is now common worldwide.

To sum up our point, although IBK occurs mostly in hot countries like India, Iraq, Pakistan, Oman, Sudan, and Algeria, cold countries like Russian, Canada, and Greenland are not completely safe.

They just face lower chances of suffering from IBK.

Symptoms of IBK

As we mentioned earlier, new forest eye can lead to severe infection of the edema, conjunctiva, and corneal opacity. But what we didn’t mention was that the disease can do a lot more harm.

Here are some more symptoms of IBK:

Growth impairments
Red and inflamed conjunctiva
Pink discolouration of the eye
Runny eyes that can last for days
Corneal ulcers in the later stages of infection can last for weeks
Tremendous economic losses in affected animals suffering from ocular pain and visual impairment

According to health experts, after 3 days of IBK without treatment, your cattle are potentially at risk of facing permanent eye damage.

How You Can Treat IBK

Treatment for IBK involves an early systemic use of a long-acting antibiotic such as tetracycline or florfenicol.

According to recent studies, subconjunctival injections with procaine penicillin or other antibiotics are also used because antibiotics are known to slowly but surely heal the eye.

If the treatment is taking too long, you can try anti-inflammatory therapy to shorten recovery times.

All that being said, unless your cattle already have IBK, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment. You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so that your cows won’t have to face the risk of catching new forest eye?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, shade, lower stocking rates, and insect repellent-impregnated ear tags are known to prevent IBK.

Plus, early identification of the disease can help prevent spread throughout the herd.

However, those precautions are not guaranteed to work. The only way to ensure safety is by disinfecting your entire farm with a solution that kills moraxella duplex.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® System can kill moraxella duplex in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.