Loefflerella Pseudomallei

What Is Loefflerella Pseudomallei?

Loefflerella pseudomallei is a gram-negative, bipolar, aerobic, motile rod-shaped bacterium that is commonly found in tropical and subtropical areas, such as Africa, Australia, and Thailand.

History of Loefflerella Pseudomallei

Loefflerella pseudomallei first emerged in Australia before it spread to other parts of the world, including Africa, the Indian Ocean islands, and Southeast Asia.

Although we know it originated in Australia and spread from there to other parts of the world, what we don’t know is how it spread so far away.

Since it has many strains, scientists have figured that Australia alone cannot be the origin of them all.

According to recent studies, African B. pseudomallei strains likely originated from Asia and were closely related to South American strains.

The same studies go on to say that there’s a substantial genetic diversity among African strains, suggesting long-term B. pseudomallei endemicity in this region.

To sum up our point, although loefflerella pseudomallei originated mainly in Australia, some of its less common strains originated in other parts of the world.

Nowadays, it is endemic in northern Australia and Southeast Asia. Meaning that everyone living in those countries is at risk of suffering from melioidosis.

Melioidosis, more commonly known as Whitmore’s disease, is an infectious disease that can cause symptoms like fever, weight loss, and stomach or chest pain, in both humans and animals.

But that’s just the tip of the iceberg, as those are only the mild symptoms of the disease.

So let’s discuss the symptoms of melioidosis in detail, shall we?

Symptoms of Melioidosis

As we mentioned earlier, melioidosis can lead to symptoms like fever, weight loss, and stomach or chest. But what we didn’t mention was that the disease can be deadly.

In Southeast Asia, Northern Australia, and other countries where it is common, doctors know it as a stubborn and potentially deadly infection that causes pneumonia, abscesses, and even organ failure.

According to health experts, if you don’t get treatment for melioidosis, it can kill you within 48 hours.

How You Can Treat Melioidosis

There are two main types of treatments for melioidosis:

First Stage Treatment: this treatment involves a minimum of 10 to 14 days of an antibiotic given by intravenous (IV) line. You’re either given meropenem (Merrem) or ceftazidime (Fortaz, Tazicef).
Second Stage Treatment: this treatment involves three to six months of one of these two oral antibiotics: doxycycline (Adoxa, Alodox, or Avidoxy) or sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (Bactrim, Septra, Sulfatrim).

All that being said, unless you already have melioidosis, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment. You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so that you won’t have to face the risk of suffering from melioidosis?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill loefferella pseudomallei is all you need to do.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® system can kill loefflerella pseudomallei in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.