What Is Loefflerella Mallei?

Loefflerella Mallei is a bacteria that is gram-negative and can infect animals such as horses, donkeys, and mules. Although humans rare catch this bacteria, it can occur, especially through the eyes, mouth, nose, and skin cuts. When exposed to infected animals, medical attention must be sought right away to avoid the disease becoming fatal.

The mallei bacteria was first isolated in 1882. It was found in the liver and spleen of a horse. As with many bacteria, this one is prevalent in the soil.

Symptoms of Loefflerella Mallei

There are a few symptoms that will indicate that you may have Loefflerella Mallei. These include the following:
⦁ Fever
⦁ Skin abscesses
⦁ Pneumonia
⦁ Septicemia

If this bacterial infection is not treated quickly, it will often become fatal. It is advised that any combination of these symptoms should be taken seriously.


There are a number of treatment methods when it comes to getting rid of Loefflerella Mallei. The following have all demonstrated their use as being effective:
⦁ Benalkonium Chloride
⦁ Iodine
⦁ Mercuric Chloride
⦁ Potassium Permanganate
⦁ 1% Sodium Hypochlorite
⦁ Ethanol
⦁ Antibiotics
⦁ Ultraviolet Light

There are a number of antibiotics that this bacteria is resistant to, and no vaccine currently exists to protect humans from it. If left untreated, there is a 95% fatality rate within a week of being left untreated. If you take antibiotics, the fatality drops but is still high at 50%.


While rarely infecting humans, Loefflerella Mallei is more likely to infect laboratory workers who handle the bacteria in some way. Others who are susceptible are those who are often in close proximity to infected animals. The primary means of getting infected with this bacteria is through the nose, eyes, mouth, and cuts on the skin.

The best way to avoid getting infected is to wear protecting gear, such as goggles, gloves, gowns, or aprons when near potentially infected animals or the bacteria itself.

Taking these steps will help ensure that this dangerous bacteria coming from infected animals will not get into your eyes or any cuts on your skin.


While no vaccine exists, antibiotics can be used as a cure for this bacterial infection, although only 50% of patients are cured. Other treatments mentioned earlier will cure it for some people, while not for others.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Loefflerella Mallei is a rare bacterial infection in humans, but when someone does become infected, they are at a high risk of dying. This is a bacterial infection that can generally be avoided by following proper sanitation procedures. You will want to ensure that you are not placing yourself and others at risk of succumbing to this disease. It is important to be aware of all potential ways bacteria can spread in your home or office.
Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly. Our Path-Guard solution and Path-Away Anti-Pathogenic Aerosol Solution can kill Mallei, as well as other bacteria and viruses, in under five minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your place is a healthier space. Contact us to learn more about how we can help.