Exophiala is a genus of widespread anamorphic fungi that belongs to the family Herpotrichiellaceae. It has over 28 species, most of which are human pathogens.
In 1966, the genus exophiala was formally described by J. W. Carmichael.
A few years later, multiple studies were conducted in Europe and the United States to find out more about this newly formed yet mysterious genus of fungi.
Those studies revealed that exophiala can cause saxophone lung and hypersensitivity pneumonitis — a disease that can be contracted by woodwind instrumentalists.
Furthermore, the same studies also revealed that exophiala werneckii is the organism responsible for tinea nigra, which is a superficial fungal infection.
Another species of exophiala known as jeanselmei causes maduromycosis — an asymptomatic disease that presents with black or brown macular lesions which enlarge by peripheral extension.
Like that’s not bad enough, another species of exophiala known as E. dermatitidis can cause lethal brain infections in young and otherwise healthy individuals.
- dermatitidis is a common cause of cutaneous and subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis. On top of that, it’s also a known lung colonist in people with cystic fibrosis in Europe.
Furthermore, in 2002, E. dermatitidis led to a systematic outbreak of infections that occurred in women who had received contaminated steroid injections at North Carolina hospitals.
Since different species of the genus exophiala can lead to different health issues, the symptoms vary depending on the condition we are talking about.
However, in the vast majority of cases, exophiala sp lead to hypersensitivity pneumonitis — which typically has the following symptoms:
- Muscle or joint pain
Although none of those symptoms are serious, health experts say that hypersensitivity pneumonitis can lead to permanent lung damage if it’s not treated right away.
Since exophiala sp is developing resistance to antibiotics, there’s no knowing whether the medicine that can treat it today will work tomorrow.
Currently, doctors typically prescribe medicines like amphotericin B and flucytosine to treat an infection caused by any species of the genus exophiala.
All that being said, unless you’re already suffering from a disease caused by exophiala sp, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment. You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.
Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so you won’t have to face the risk of facing a disease caused by exophiala sp?
If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill exophiala sp is all you need to do.
Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.
Our Path-Guard® System can kill exophiala sp in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.
For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.