What Is Coccidiosis?

Coccidiosis is a parasitic disease of the intestinal tract of animals caused by the pathogen coccidian protozoa. Although it primarily affects animals, it can sometimes affect humans.

History of Coccidiosis

In 1674, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek observed and described for the first time a parasite in the bile of rabbits which later came to be known as Eimeria stiedai.

In 1839, a scientist named Hake concluded from his studies that Eimeria stiedai represented a new form of “pus globule”. Then in 1885, Lindemann placed them under the name Monocystis stiedae among the group of Gregarines.

Finally, in 1982, a botanist named Norman D. Levine established the biology of the coccidia which proposed the taxonomy of this group of agents.

Now, thanks to the latest studies, we know that coccidiosis spreads from one animal to another by contact with infected feces or ingestion of infected tissue.

The key symptom of the disease is diarrhea, which may become bloody in severe cases.

With that being said, most animals infected with coccidia are asymptomatic, but young or immunocompromised animals may suffer severe symptoms and death.

Although we always knew that coccidiosis affects a wide variety of animals, including dozens of types of birds and virtually every livestock animal, we didn’t know until recently that it also affects humans.

Humans can catch coccidiosis from an infected avian, cat, and dog. However, besides T. gondii, the infectious organisms are canine and feline-specific and are not contagious to humans.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Coccidiosis

Coccidiosis has the same symptoms in humans as it does in animals. So people who develop coccidiosis typically suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Loss of weight
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea (sometimes alternating with constipation)

Although none of those symptoms sound serious, health experts say that coccidiosis can lead to more serious conditions if it’s not treated right away.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Coccidiosis

Since coccidiosis is developing resistance to antibiotics, there’s no knowing whether the medicine that can treat it today will work tomorrow.

Currently, doctors typically prescribe a course of sulfonamide antibiotic family daily for 7 to 10 days to treat coccidiosis.

All that being said, unless you’re already suffering from coccidiosis, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment. You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so you won’t have to face the risk of catching coccidiosis?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill coccidiosis is all you need to do.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® System can kill coccidiosis in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.