What Is Brucella Melitensis?

Brucella melitensis is a gram-negative coccobacillus bacterium that can cause ovine brucellosis and brucella ovis.

It primarily affects sheep and goats, but there have been some cases in dogs, pigs, horses, alpacas, cattle, yaks, water buffalo, Bactrian and dromedary camels.

Although it doesn’t directly attack human beings, it can be transferred from animals to us if we come in contact with an infected animal or its byproducts.

Human to human transmissions are exceptionally rare, as they can only occur via blood transfusion, breastfeeding, sexual contact, or organ and tissue transplantation.

So if you either work with animals or consume their byproducts, you’re at risk.

When a person gets infected by the bacterium, it typically causes one of the following two diseases:

  1. Ovine brucellosis: A disease in which the bacterium causes severe inflammation of the epididymis, with formation of spermatoceles and fibrinous adhesions.
  2. Mastitis: An inflammation of breast tissue that sometimes involves an infection that can cause breast pain, swelling, and redness. Women who’re breastfeeding are most commonly affected by it.

But that’s not all.

In men, brucella melitensis can also cause arthritis, infertility, epididymitis, and acute orchitis.

Protect Yourself and Others

Although brucella melitensis is not as deadly as covid-19, that does not mean it’s not a serious threat.

As we discussed earlier, it can cause arthritis, infertility, epididymitis, mastitis, and ovine brucellosis in anyone who works with animals or uses their byproducts.

Put another way, a vast majority of people in our countries are at risk. That is why taking preventative measures to protect yourself and others from this bacterium is a necessity.

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® system can kill brucella melitensis in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.