What Is Borrelia?

Borrelia is a genus of bacteria of the spirochete phylum, spirochaetales order, and spirochaetaceae family. It has 52 known species, out of which 21 cause Lyme disease.

History of Borrelia

In 1907, the spirochete genus Borrelia was first described by the French physician and microbiologist Amédée Borrel, who named the genus after himself.

Since then, dozens of new species and strains have been described. Today, members of this genus are well recognized as the aetiological agents of Lyme borreliosis (LB) and relapsing fever (RF) in humans.

A few decades ago in the early 1970s, scientists often confused borrelia with RF genospecies because they are genetically similar. However, the two groups were found out to be different in the early 21st century, when research proved that they have different clinical, biological, and epidemiological characteristics.

In the 1970s, researchers also found out that the bacterium uses hard and soft ticks and lice as vectors. Nowadays, we test its presence in humans through two-tiered serological testing, including immunoassays and immunoblotting.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Borrelia

Although some species of the borrelia genus are harmless, others like B. burgdorferi and B. mayonii are pathogens that cause Lyme borreliosis and relapsing fever.

So the symptoms vary depending on which disease we’re talking about. People who catch Lyme borreliosis typically suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Fever and chills
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Muscle and joint aches
  • Erythema migrans rash, which is sometimes shaped like a bull’s eye

Whereas patients of relapsing fever suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Coma
  • Bleeding
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Sagging on one side of the face (facial droop)

Although none of those symptoms sound serious, health experts say that both Lyme borreliosis and relapsing fever can lead to more serious conditions if they’re not treated right away.

How You Can Treat Borrelia

Since most species of borrelia are developing resistance to antibiotics, there’s no knowing whether the medicine that can treat them today will work tomorrow.

Currently, doctors prescribe a course of oral antibiotics such as doxycycline, amoxicillin, and cefuroxime axetil, in the early stages of Lyme disease.

All that being said, unless you’re already suffering from a disease caused by borrelia, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment. You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so you won’t have to face the risk of facing a problem caused by borrelia?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill borrelia is all you need to do.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® System can kill borrelia in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.