What Is Bacillus Subtilis?

Bacillus subtilis is a gram-positive, catalase-positive bacterium that is typically found in soil and the gastrointestinal tract of humans and ruminants.

History of Bacillus Subtilis

In 1835, a German naturalist named Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg discovered the bacterium species, subtilis, and placed it in the vibrio genus.

However, that changed in 1872, when Ferdinand Cohn proved that it belongs to the bacillus genus.

Cohn also proved that subtilis is a rod-shaped bacterium that can form a tough, protective endospore, allowing it to tolerate extreme environmental conditions.

Furthermore, he was also the first one to suggest that B. subtilis should be classified as an obligate aerobe, which is against the modern take  that suggests it’s a facultative anaerobe.

Currently, the vast majority of scientists consider B. subtilis as the best studied gram-positive bacterium and a model organism to study bacterial chromosome replication and cell differentiation.

B. subtilis is also one of the bacterial champions in secreted enzyme production, which is why it’s used on an industrial scale by biotechnology companies.

However, although it’s desirable for some purposes, it’s also a pathogen that can cause serious infections in humans.

Symptoms of Diseases Caused By Bacillus Subtilis

Although bacillus subtilis is not a frank human pathogen, it can lead to several human infections, including bacteremia, endocarditis, pneumonia, and septicemia.

So the symptoms vary depending on the disease we’re talking about. However, in the vast majority of cases, it leads to bacteremia — which is a bacterial infection with the following symptoms:

  • Fast heart rate
  • Fever and chills
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Feeling lightheaded or faint
  • Trouble breathing or fast breathing

Although none of those symptoms are serious, health experts say that bacteremia can lead to more serious health conditions it’s not treated right away.

How You Can Treat Bacillus Subtilis

Since bacillus subtilis is developing resistance to antibiotics, there’s no knowing whether the medicine that can treat it today will work tomorrow.

Currently, doctors typically prescribe either penicillin or streptomycin in concentrations obtainable in vivo to treat an infection caused by bacillus subtilis.

All that being said, unless you’re already suffering from a disease caused by bacillus subtilis, you shouldn’t be worrying about the treatment.

You should be worrying about how to prevent the disease.

Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. So why not take safety precautions right now, so you won’t have to face the risk of facing a problem caused by bacillus subtilis?

If you’re now wondering what safety precautions we are talking about, disinfecting your home and workplace with a solution that can kill bacillus subtilis is all you need to do.

How Alliance Enviro-Tech Can Help

Alliance Enviro-Tech can disinfect both residential and commercial spaces thoroughly.

Our Path-Guard® System can kill bacillus subtilis in under 5 minutes, giving you peace of mind to know your property is safe for everyone living or working there.

For more information, contact us to find out how we can help keep your property safe and clean.